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Intoxicated Driving

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Trauma center brief interventions for alcohol disorders decrease subsequent driving under the influence arrests.
Schermer CR, Moyers TB, Miller WR, Bloomfield LA.
J Trauma. 2006 Jan;60(1):29-34.

Rationale for inclusion:  One of the only studies to examine the effects of brief interventions for patients who were driving under the influence of alcohol. Brief interventions were found to be effective in reducing the risk of being arrested for DUI within 3 years of discharge. 

Citations - 135 (as of July 2017)

The relationship of alcohol safety laws to drinking drivers in fatal crashes.
Voas RB, Tippetts AS, Fell J.
Accid Anal Prev. 2000 Jul;32(4):483-92.

Rationale for inclusion: Prepared for the Department of Transportation, this regression analysis studied alcohol safety laws over 16 years and indicates that laws regarding license revocation and blood alcohol level have contributed to a decrease in alcohol-related fatal crashes.

Citations - 194 (as of July 2017)

The risk of dying in alcohol-related automobile crashes among habitual drunk drivers.
Brewer RD, Morris PD, Cole TB, Watkins S, Patetta MJ, Popkin C.
N Engl J Med. 1994 Aug 25;331(8):513-7.

Rationale for inclusion: This study was a case control study of 1646 drunk drivers (those with BAC of at least 20 mg/dL) and compared them with 1474 controls. The study found that those patients who had been arrested for drunk driving were at significant increased risk of eventually dying in a alcohol-related death. 

Citations - 153 (as of July 2017)

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