- Long-term effects of repealing the national maximum speed limit in the United States.
- Friedman LS1, Hedeker D, Richter ED.
- Am J Public Health. 2009 Sep;99(9):1626-31.
Rationale for inclusion: Noted 3.2% increase in fatalities over all types of roadways time since repeal of 55mph limit.
Citations - 61 (as of July 2017)
- Evaluation of variable speed limits for real-time freeway safety improvement.
- Abdel-Aty M, Dilmore J, Dhindsa A.
- Accid Anal Prev. 2006 Mar;38(2):335-45.
Rationale for inclusion: Introduces concept of real-time changes in speed limits with relation to on-road events (e.g. crashes).
CAVEAT: Unclear of cost of implementation of real-time signage
Citations - 188 (as of July 2017)
- Intelligent speed adaptation: accident savings and cost-benefit analysis.
- Carsten OM, Tate FN.
- Accid Anal Prev. 2005 May;37(3):407-16.
Rationale for inclusion: Noted enforcing compliance with speed limits had a cost-benefit ratio of 7.9 to 15.4:1.
CAVEAT: UK study, recommended mandatory speed limit devices for vehicles
Citations - 225 (as of July 2017)
- Drivers' compliance with speed limits: an application of the theory of planned behavior.
- Elliott MA, Armitage CJ, Baughan CJ.
- J Appl Psychol. 2003 Oct;88(5):964-72.
Rationale for inclusion: Potential way to influence compliance with speed limits.
Citations - 304 (as of July 2017)
- Speed control in developing countries: issues, challenges and opportunities in reducing road traffic injuries.
- Afukaar FK.
- Inj Control Saf Promot. 2003 Mar-Jun;10(1-2):77-81.
Rationale for inclusion: Addresses road safety in developing countries - noted ~50% of deaths in Ghana related to speed.
Citations - 142 (as of July 2017)
- Changes in motor vehicle occupant fatalities after repeal of the national maximum speed limit.
- Farmer CM, Retting RA, Lund AK.
- Accid Anal Prev. 1999 Sep;31(5):537-43.
Rationale for inclusion: Noted an increase in fatalities in those States that increased their speed limits over the 8 years from repeal of the 55 mph limit.
Citations - 110 (as of July 2017)
- Did the 65 mph speed limit save lives?
- Lave C, Elias P.
- Accid Anal Prev. 1994 Feb;26(1):49-62.
Rationale for inclusion: Noted that the increase from 55 mph to 65 mph did NOT increase fatalities (reduced 3.4-5.1% State-wide). Concept of transferring resources to other needs vs. 55 mph speed control.
CAVEAT: California-only study
Citations - 143 (as of July 2017)
- The mortality consequences of raising the speed limit to 65 mph on rural interstates.
- Baum HM, Lund AK, Wells JK.
- Am J Public Health. 1989 Oct;79(10):1392-5.
Rationale for inclusion: Noted increased rural fatalities in States that allowed increased speed limits.
CAVEAT: Single-year post study vs historical control
Citations - 63 (as of July 2017)