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Respiratory - Airway Management

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The preventability of ventilator-associated events. The CDC Prevention Epicenters Wake Up and Breathe Collaborative.
Klompas M, Anderson D, Trick W, Babcock H, Kerlin MP, Li L, Sinkowitz-Cochran R, Ely EW, Jernigan J, Magill S, Lyles R, O'Neil C, Kitch BT, Arrington E, Balas MC, Kleinman K, Bruce C, Lankiewicz J, Murphy MV, E Cox C, Lautenbach E, Sexton D, Fraser V, Weinstein RA, Platt R; CDC Prevention Epicenters.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Feb 1;191(3):292-301

Rationale for inclusion: A large multi center trial on the ABC approach to vent liberation.

Citations - 63 (as of July 2017)

Effect of early vs late tracheostomy placement on survival in patients receiving mechanical ventilation: the TracMan randomized trial.
Young D, Harrison DA, Cuthbertson BH, Rowan K; TracMan Collaborators.
JAMA. 2013 May 22;309(20):2121-9.

Rationale for inclusion: Already #1 on the list in this area.

Citations - 219 (as of July 2017)

Characteristics and outcomes of ventilated patients according to time to liberation from mechanical ventilation.
Peñuelas O, Frutos-Vivar F, Fernández C, Anzueto A, Epstein SK, Apezteguía C, González M, Nin N, Raymondos K, Tomicic V, Desmery P, Arabi Y, Pelosi P, Kuiper M, Jibaja M, Matamis D, Ferguson ND, Esteban A; Ventila Group.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Aug 15;184(4):430-7.

Rationale for inclusion: Organizes patient outcomes by weaning classification (2400 patients in multicenter trial).

Citations - 148 (as of July 2017)

One thousand bedside percutaneous tracheostomies in the surgical intensive care unit: time to change the gold standard.
Kornblith LZ, Burlew CC, Moore EE, Haenel JB, Kashuk JL, Biffl WL, Barnett CC, Johnson JL.
J Am Coll Surg. 2011 Feb;212(2):163-70.

Rationale for inclusion: Very large patient cohort of perc trachs. The last word.

Citations - 88 (as of July 2017)

Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial.
Schweickert WD, Pohlman MC, Pohlman AS, Nigos C, Pawlik AJ, Esbrook CL, Spears L, Miller M, Franczyk M, Deprizio D, Schmidt GA, Bowman A, Barr R, McCallister KE, Hall JB, Kress JP.
Lancet. 2009 May 30;373(9678):1874-82.

Rationale for inclusion: Best early evidence for mobility in the ICU.

Citations - 1750 (as of July 2017)

Efficacy and safety of a paired sedation and ventilator weaning protocol for mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care (Awakening and Breathing Controlled trial): a randomised controlled trial.
Girard TD, Kress JP, Fuchs BD, Thomason JW, Schweickert WD, Pun BT, Taichman DB, Dunn JG, Pohlman AS, Kinniry PA, Jackson JC, Canonico AE, Light RW, Shintani AK, Thompson JL, Gordon SM, Hall JB, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW.
Lancet. 2008 Jan 12;371(9607):126-34.

Rationale for inclusion: Sedation cessation paired with spontaneous breathing trials - the backbone of today's ICU liberation protocols.

Citations - 1426 (as of July 2017)

Early activity is feasible and safe in respiratory failure patients.
Bailey P, Thomsen GE, Spuhler VJ, Blair R, Jewkes J, Bezdjian L, Veale K, Rodriquez L, Hopkins RO.
Crit Care Med. 2007 Jan;35(1):139-45.

Rationale for inclusion: This is early work on ICU mobility from one of the founding ICUs in the IHI ventilator liberation collaborative.

Citations - 712 (as of July 2017)

Risk factors for extubation failure in patients following a successful spontaneous breathing trial.
Frutos-Vivar F, Ferguson ND, Esteban A, Epstein SK, Arabi Y, Apezteguía C, González M, Hill NS, Nava S, D'Empaire G, Anzueto A.
Chest. 2006 Dec;130(6):1664-71.

Rationale for inclusion: Use of RSBI, patient fluid balance to predict successful extubation.

Citations - 241 (as of July 2017)

A prospective, randomized study comparing percutaneous with surgical tracheostomy in critically ill patients.
Freeman BD, Isabella K, Cobb JP, Boyle WA 3rd, Schmieg RE Jr, Kolleff MH, Lin N, Saak T, Thompson EC, Buchman TG.
Crit Care Med. 2001 May;29(5):926-30.

Rationale for inclusion: Prospective randomized trial after a meta-analysis by the same group.

Citations - 220 (as of July 2017)

A meta-analysis of prospective trials comparing percutaneous and surgical tracheostomy in critically ill patients.
Freeman BD, Isabella K, Lin N, Buchman TG.
Chest. 2000 Nov;118(5):1412-8.

Rationale for inclusion: One of the last words on perc trach.  Excellent summary.

Citations- 433 (as of July 2017)

Percutaneous tracheostomy: ciaglia blue rhino versus the basic ciaglia technique of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy.
Byhahn C, Wilke HJ, Halbig S, Lischke V, Westphal K.
Anesth Analg. 2000 Oct;91(4):882-6.

Rationale for inclusion: Important way marker to the "blue rhino" technique of perc trach.

Citations - 194 (as of July 2017)

Daily interruption of sedative infusions in critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation.
Kress JP, Pohlman AS, O'Connor MF, Hall JB.
N Engl J Med. 2000 May 18;342(20):1471-7.

Rationale for inclusion: Landmark article for daily cessation of sedation.

Citations - 2746 (as of July 2017)

The use of continuous i.v. sedation is associated with prolongation of mechanical ventilation.
Kollef MH, Levy NT, Ahrens TS, Schaiff R, Prentice D, Sherman G.
Chest. 1998 Aug;114(2):541-8.

Rationale for inclusion: Excellent rationale for daily sedation cessation.

Citations - 971 (as of July 2017)

A randomized, controlled trial of protocol-directed versus physician-directed weaning from mechanical ventilation.
Kollef MH, Shapiro SD, Silver P, St John RE, Prentice D, Sauer S, Ahrens TS, Shannon W, Baker-Clinkscale D.
Crit Care Med. 1997 Apr;25(4):567-74.

Rationale for inclusion: Not only is protocolized weaning frequently superior to ad hoc methods, the use of other members of the ICU team improves results.

Citations - 804 (as of July 2017)

Effect on the duration of mechanical ventilation of identifying patients capable of breathing spontaneously.
Ely EW, Baker AM, Dunagan DP, Burke HL, Smith AC, Kelly PT, Johnson MM, Browder RW, Bowton DL, Haponik EF.
N Engl J Med. 1996 Dec 19;335(25):1864-9.

Rationale for inclusion: Early spontaneous breathing trial work.

Citations - 1368 (as of July 2017)

Bronchoscopic guidance makes percutaneous tracheostomy a safe, cost-effective, and easy-to-teach procedure.
Barba CA, Angood PB, Kauder DR, Latenser B, Martin K, McGonigal MD, Phillips GR, Rotondo MF, Schwab CW.
Surgery. 1995 Nov;118(5):879-83.

Rationale for inclusion: Important innovation on perc trach, backed by very recognizable researchers.

Citations - 200 (as of July 2017)

Occult hypercarbia. An unrecognized phenomenon during percutaneous endoscopic tracheostomy.
Reilly PM, Anderson HL 3rd, Sing RF, Schwab CW, Bartlett RH.
Chest. 1995 Jun;107(6):1760-3.

Rationale for inclusion: This is not adequately recognized, even now, in practice.

Citations - 103 (as of July 2017)

A comparison of four methods of weaning patients from mechanical ventilation.
Esteban A, Frutos F, Tobin MJ, Alía I, Solsona JF, Valverdú I, Fernández R, de la Cal MA, Benito S, Tomás R, et al.
N Engl J Med. 1995 Feb 9;332(6):345-50.

Rationale for inclusion: Of the four methods, spontaneous breathing trials were superior.

Citations - 1381 (as of July 2017)

Bedside percutaneous tracheostomy: experience with 55 elective procedures.
Hazard PB, Garrett HE Jr, Adams JW, Robbins ET, Aguillard RN.
Ann Thorac Surg. 1988 Jul;46(1):63-7.

Rationale for inclusion: One of the first patient trials of perc trach.

Citations - 146 (as of July 2017)

The inspiratory workload of patient-initiated mechanical ventilation.
Marini JJ, Rodriguez RM, Lamb V.
Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Nov;134(5):902-9.

Rationale for inclusion: Early important evaluation of the work of breathing in ventilated patients.

Citations - 301 (as of July 2017)

Bedside criteria for discontinuation of mechanical ventilation.
Sahn SA, Lakshminarayan S.
Chest. 1973 Jun;63(6):1002-5.

Rationale for inclusion: Use of NIF, minute volumes to predict success of extubation.

Citations - 396 (as of July 2017)

Tracheostomy and artificial ventilation in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic lung disease. A study in twenty-nine patients.
Bradley RD, Spencer GT, Semple SJ.
Lancet. 1964 Apr 18;1(7338):854-9.

Rationale for inclusion: Not the first on trach (that was in 1931), but important by virtue of combination with ventilation.

Citations - 70 (as of July 2017)

Tracheostomy in modern practice.
Watts JM.
Br J Surg. 1963 Nov;50:954-75.

Rationale for inclusion: A remarkable historic overview spanning millennia. Yes, millennia.

Citations - 81 (as of July 2017)

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