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Damage Control Laparotomy

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The impact of tranexamic acid on mortality in injured patients with hyperfibrinolysis.
Harvin JA, Peirce CA, Mims MM, Hudson JA, Podbielski JM, Wade CE, Holcomb JB, Cotton BA.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 May;78(5):905-9; discussion 909-11.

Rationale for inclusion: This study failed to find a mortality benefit resulting from the use of TXA in patients with evidence of hyperfibrinolysis.

Citations - 35 (as of July 2017)

Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma: management of the open abdomen, part III-review of abdominal wall reconstruction.
Diaz JJ Jr, Cullinane DC, Khwaja KA, Tyson GH, Ott M, Jerome R, Kerwin AJ, Collier BR, Pappas PA, Sangosanya AT, Como JJ, Bokhari F, Haut ER, Smith LM, Winston ES, Bilaniuk JW, Talley CL, Silverman R, Croce MA.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Sep;75(3):376-86.

Rationale for inclusion: a great 3-part series of papers from EAST.

Citations - 18 (as of July 2017)

Who should we feed? Western Trauma Association multi-institutional study of enteral nutrition in the open abdomen after injury.
Burlew CC, Moore EE, Cuschieri J, Jurkovich GJ, Codner P, Nirula R, Millar D, Cohen MJ, Kutcher ME, Haan J, MacNew HG, Ochsner G, Rowell SE, Truitt MS, Moore FO, Pieracci FM, Kaups KL; WTA Study Group.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Dec;73(6):1380-7; discussion 1387-8.

Rationale for inclusion: support for early enteral nutrition (EN) in the open abdomen to improve fascial closure, complication rate, and mortality.

Citations - 65 (as of July 2017)

Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma: a review of the management of the open abdomen--part 2 "Management of the open abdomen."
Diaz JJ Jr, Dutton WD, Ott MM, Cullinane DC, Alouidor R, Armen SB, Bilanuik JW, Collier BR, Gunter OL, Jawa R, Jerome R, Kerwin AJ, Kirby JP, Lambert AL, Riordan WP, Wohltmann CD.
J Trauma. 2011 Aug;71(2):502-12.

Rationale for inclusion:  a great 3-part series of papers from EAST.

Citations - 56 (as of July 2017)

Multicentre prospective study of fascial closure rate after open abdomen with vacuum and mesh-mediated fascial traction.
Acosta S, Bjarnason T, Petersson U, Pålsson B, Wanhainen A, Svensson M, Djavani K, Björck M.
Br J Surg. 2011 May;98(5):735-43.

Rationale for inclusion: another great technique article.

Citations - 145 (as of July 2017)

Damage control resuscitation in combination with damage control laparotomy: a survival advantage.
Duchesne JC, Kimonis K, Marr AB, Rennie KV, Wahl G, Wells JE, Islam TM, Meade P, Stuke L, Barbeau JM, Hunt JP, Baker CC, McSwain NE Jr.
J Trauma. 2010 Jul;69(1):46-52.

Rationale for inclusion: this paper emphasizes that good outcomes after DCL are dependent on anesthesia practices (DCR) as well!

Citations - 178 (as of July 2017)

Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma: The management of the open abdomen in trauma and emergency general surgery: part 1-damage control.
Diaz JJ Jr, Cullinane DC, Dutton WD, Jerome R, Bagdonas R, Bilaniuk JW, Collier BR, Como JJ, Cumming J, Griffen M, Gunter OL, Kirby J, Lottenburg L, Mowery N, Riordan WP Jr, Martin N, Platz J, Stassen N, Winston ES.
J Trauma. 2010 Jun;68(6):1425-38.

Rationale for inclusion: a great 3-part series of papers from EAST.

Citations - 152 (as of July 2017)

Effect of immediate enteral feeding on trauma patients with an open abdomen: protection from nosocomial infections.
Dissanaike S, Pham T, Shalhub S, Warner K, Hennessy L, Moore EE, Maier RV, O'Keefe GE, Cuschieri J.
J Am Coll Surg. 2008 Nov;207(5):690-7.

Rationale for inclusion: this article supports early EN to decrease pneumonia.

Citations - 94 (as of July 2017)

One hundred percent fascial approximation with sequential abdominal closure of the open abdomen.
Cothren CC, Moore EE, Johnson JL, Moore JB, Burch JM.
Am J Surg. 2006 Aug;192(2):238-42.

Rationale for inclusion: though it’s a small study, they describe their technique of sequential abdominal closure using NPWT for high rate of fascial closure during index hospitalization.

Citations - 142 (as of July 2017)

Early definitive abdominal closure using serial closure technique on injured soldiers returning from Afghanistan and Iraq.
Vertrees A, Kellicut D, Ottman S, Peoples G, Shriver C.
J Am Coll Surg. 2006 May;202(5):762-72.

Rationale for inclusion: further refinement of the serial abdominal closure technique using a Gore-Tex mesh as a temporary “handle” to help sequentially draw the fascia to the midline.

Citations - 44 (as of July 2017)

Prospective evaluation of vacuum-assisted fascial closure after open abdomen: planned ventral hernia rate is substantially reduced.
Miller PR, Meredith JW, Johnson JC, Chang MC.
Ann Surg. 2004 May;239(5):608-14; discussion 614-6.

Rationale for inclusion: negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is superior to non-NPWT for fascial closure during index hospitalization.

Citations -308 (as of July 2017)

Vacuum pack technique of temporary abdominal closure: a 7-year experience with 112 patients.
Barker DE, Kaufman HJ, Smith LA, Ciraulo DL, Richart CL, Burns RP.
J Trauma. 2000 Feb;48(2):201-6; discussion 206-7.

Rationale for inclusion: the “Barker” technique is often cited as the “poor man’s VAC” for those who do not have ready access to commercial negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT).

Citations - 515 (as of July 2017)

'Damage control': an approach for improved survival in exsanguinating penetrating abdominal injury.
Rotondo MF, Schwab CW, McGonigal MD, Phillips GR 3rd, Fruchterman TM, Kauder DR, Latenser BA, Angood PA.
J Trauma. 1993 Sep;35(3):375-82; discussion 382-3.

Rational for inclusion: this article is often cited as the “original” modern description of damage control laparotomy.

Citations - 1593 (as of July 2017)

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