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Gender Parity/Pay Gap

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Gender Differences in Academic Medicine: Retention, Rank, and Leadership Comparisons From the National Faculty Survey.
Carr PL, Raj A, Kaplan SE, Terrin N, Breeze JL, Freund KM.
Acad Med. 2018 Nov;93(11):1694-1699.

Rationale for inclusion: A 17-year longitudinal follow-up of the National Faculty Survey that identifies predictors of advancement, retention, and leadership for women faculty.

CAVEAT: Longitudinal follow-up of a prior survey

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Gender Parity in Critical Care Medicine.
Mehta S, Burns KEA Machado FR, Fox-Robichaud AE, Cook DJ, Calfee CS, Ware LB, Burnham EL, Kissoon N, Marshall JC, Mancebo J, Finfer S, Hartog C, Reinhart K, Maitland K, Stapleton RD, Kwizera A, Amin P, Abroug F, Smith O, Laake JH, Shrestha GS, Herridge MS.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Aug 15;196(4):425-429.

Rationale for inclusion: This paper discusses the importance of diversity on guideline panels, the disproportionately low representation of women on critical care guideline panels, and existing initiatives to increase the representation of women in corporations, universities, and government.

CAVEAT: Practice guidelines, not a study

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Strategies for Identifying and Closing the Gender Salary Gap in Surgery.
Sanfey H, Crandall M, Shaughnessy E, Stein SL, Cochran A, Parangi S, Laronga C.
J Am Coll Surg. 2017 Aug;225(2):333-338.

Rationale for inclusion: Thorough summary of the gender pay gap in surgery and strategies to remedy the disparity.

CAVEAT: Review

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Gender differences in the salaries of physician researchers
Reshma J, Griffith KA, Stewart A, Sambuco D, DeCastro R, Ubel PA.
JAMA. 2012 Jun 13;307(22):2410-7.

Rationale for inclusion: This survey-based study with a 71% response rate found significant gender differences in salary among mid-career academic physicians even after adjusting for differences in specialty, institution, academic productivity, rank and work hours.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Compensation and advancement of women in academic medicine: is there equity?
Ash AS, Carr PL, Goldstein R, Friedman RH.
Ann Intern Med. 2004 Aug 3;141(3):205-12.

Rationale for inclusion: This survey of full-time U.S. medical school faculty found that female medical school faculty neither advance as rapidly nor are compensated as well as professionally similar male colleagues.

CAVEAT: This is a cross-sectional study of a longitudinal phenomenon. No data are available for faculty who are no longer working full-time in academic medicine, and all data are self-reported. 

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

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