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Bicycle Helmets

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Bicycle injuries and helmet use: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Olivier J, Creighton P.
2017 Feb 1;46(1):278-292. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyw153.

Rationale for inclusion: Systematic review of existing literature of effectiveness of bicycle helmets.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Helmets for preventing head and facial injuries in bicyclists.
Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000;(2):CD001855.

Rationale for inclusion: Cochrane Review to determine whether bicycle helmets reduce head, brain and facial injury for bicyclists of all ages involved in a bicycle crash or fall. Study found that helmets reduce bicycle-related head and facial injuries for bicyclists of all ages involved in all types of crashes including those involving motor vehicles.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets in preventing head injuries. A case-control study.
Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson RS.
JAMA. 1996 Dec 25;276(24):1968-73.

Rationale for inclusion: Since the original study in 1989, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, this is one of the only prospective case-control studies examining bicyclists with head injuries. This study of 3390 bicyclists, found a significant (69% to 74%) protective effect for head injuries for bicyclists who wear them. 

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

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