Child Safety Restraints
- Effectiveness of child safety seats vs seat belts in reducing risk for death in children in passenger vehicle crashes.
- Elliott MR, Kallan MJ, Durbin DR, Winston FK.
- Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Jun;160(6):617-21.
Rationale for inclusion: Large NTSA study demonstrated 28% reduction in mortality when child seats are used to restrain children.
Citations - 170 (as of July 2017)
- Effects of seating position and appropriate restraint use on the risk of injury to children in motor vehicle crashes.
- Durbin DR, Chen I, Smith R, Elliott MR, Winston FK.
- Pediatrics. 2005 Mar;115(3):e305-9.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the synergistic effects of rear seat positioning and proper child restraints in reducing childhood MVC injuries.
Citations - 189 (as of July 2017)
- Belt-positioning booster seats and reduction in risk of injury among children in vehicle crashes.
- Durbin DR, Elliott MR, Winston FK.
- JAMA. 2003 Jun 4;289(21):2835-40.
Rationale for inclusion: Demonstrated benefit of booster seats in older children.
Citations - 346 (as of July 2017)
- Children in car crashes - analysis of data for injury and use of restraints.
- Johnston C, Rivara FP, Soderberg R.
- Pediatrics. 1994 Jun;93(6 Pt 1):960-5.
Rationale for inclusion: First discussed need for stepwise restraint systems as children grow.
Citations - 174 (as of July 2017)
- The lap belt complex: intestinal and lumbar spine injury in children.
- Newman KD, Bowman LM, Eichelberger MR, Gotschall CS, Taylor GA, Johnson DL, Thomas M.
- J Trauma. 1990 Sep;30(9):1133-8; discussion 1138-40.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes intestinal injury and lumbar spine fractures associated with lap belt use in children.
Citations - 146 (as of July 2017)
- Restraint systems for the prevention of injury to children in automobile accidents.
- Scherz RG.
- Am J Public Health. 1976 May;66(5):451-6.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes restraints (of any kind) as being effective in reducing childhood MVC injury.
Citations - 108 (as of July 2017)