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Seat Belt Usage

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The independent contribution of driver, crash, and vehicle characteristics to driver fatalities.
Bedard M, Guyatt GH, Stones MJ, Hirdes JP.
Accid Anal Prev. 2002 Nov;34(6):717-27.

Rationale for inclusion: Multivariate analysis noting seat belts protective against fatal injuries (OR: 0.49, 99% CI: 0.39-0.53).

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Youth risk behavior surveillance - United States, 2001.
Grunbaum JA, Kann L, Kinchen SA, Williams B, Ross JG, Lowry R, Kolbe L.
J Sch Health. 2002 Oct;72(8):313-28.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted scope of problem with youth - 14.1% of high-school youth  rarely/never used seat belts.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Seating positions and children's risk of dying in motor vehicle crashes.
Braver ER, Whitfield R, Ferguson SA.
Inj Prev. 1998 Sep;4(3):181-7.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted children were safest in the back seat.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Driver fatalities in 1985-1993 cars with airbags.
Lund AK, Ferguson SA.
J Trauma. 1995 Apr;38(4):469-75.

Rationale for inclusion: Additional confirmatory information on the benefits of airbags- 16% reduction in fatalities for all crashes.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Automobile driver fatalities in frontal impacts - air bags compared with manual belts.
Zador PL, Ciccone MA.
Am J Public Health. 1993 May; 83(5): 661–666.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted fatality reduction with airbags - 15% w/ seat belts used, 31% with seat belts not used.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Design, characteristics, and usefulness of state-based behavioral risk factor surveillance: 1981-87.
Remington PL1, Smith MY, Williamson DF, Anda RF, Gentry EM, Hogelin GC.
Public Health Rep. 1988 Jul-Aug; 103(4): 366–375.

Rationale for inclusion: Evaluated the use of random-digit-dialing telephone surveys with regards to collecting behavioral data, including seat belt usage.

CAVEAT: Only dealt with data collection method

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Geographic variations in mortality from motor vehicle crashes.
Baker SP, Whitfield RA, O'Neill B.
N Engl J Med. 1987 May 28;316(22):1384-7.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted geographic variations in motor vehicle fatalities across US (highest in rural, low-income counties), with seatbelt use possibly a factor.

CAVEAT: Indirect evidence

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

The effectiveness of safety belts in preventing fatalities.
Evans L.
Accid Anal Prev. 1986 Jun;18(3):229-41.

Rationale for inclusion: Estimated effectiveness of three-point belts by comparison with pre-1974 data, using other passengers as controls.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Estimates of motor vehicle seat belt effectiveness and use: implications for occupant crash protection.
Robertson LS.
Am J Public Health. 1976 September; 66(9): 859–864.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted increased survival with seat belt usage (as well as only ~2/3 compliance with front seat belt usage).

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

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