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Speed Limits

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Long-term effects of repealing the national maximum speed limit in the United States.
Friedman LS1, Hedeker D, Richter ED.
Am J Public Health. 2009 Sep;99(9):1626-31.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted 3.2% increase in fatalities over all types of roadways time since repeal of 55mph limit.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Evaluation of variable speed limits for real-time freeway safety improvement.
Abdel-Aty M, Dilmore J, Dhindsa A.
Accid Anal Prev. 2006 Mar;38(2):335-45.

Rationale for inclusion: Introduces concept of real-time changes in speed limits with relation to on-road events (e.g. crashes).

CAVEAT: Unclear of cost of implementation of real-time signage

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Intelligent speed adaptation: accident savings and cost-benefit analysis.
Carsten OM, Tate FN.
Accid Anal Prev. 2005 May;37(3):407-16.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted enforcing compliance with speed limits had a cost-benefit ratio of 7.9 to 15.4:1.

CAVEAT: UK study, recommended mandatory speed limit devices for vehicles

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Drivers' compliance with speed limits: an application of the theory of planned behavior.
Elliott MA, Armitage CJ, Baughan CJ.
J Appl Psychol. 2003 Oct;88(5):964-72.

Rationale for inclusion: Potential way to influence compliance with speed limits.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Speed control in developing countries: issues, challenges and opportunities in reducing road traffic injuries.
Afukaar FK.
Inj Control Saf Promot. 2003 Mar-Jun;10(1-2):77-81.

Rationale for inclusion: Addresses road safety in developing countries - noted ~50% of deaths in Ghana related to speed.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Changes in motor vehicle occupant fatalities after repeal of the national maximum speed limit.
Farmer CM, Retting RA, Lund AK.
Accid Anal Prev. 1999 Sep;31(5):537-43.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted an increase in fatalities in those States that increased their speed limits over the 8 years from repeal of the 55 mph limit.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Did the 65 mph speed limit save lives?
Lave C, Elias P.
Accid Anal Prev. 1994 Feb;26(1):49-62.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted that the increase from 55 mph to 65 mph did NOT increase fatalities (reduced 3.4-5.1% State-wide).  Concept of transferring resources to other needs vs. 55 mph speed control.

CAVEAT: California-only study

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

The mortality consequences of raising the speed limit to 65 mph on rural interstates.
Baum HM, Lund AK, Wells JK.
Am J Public Health. 1989 Oct;79(10):1392-5.

Rationale for inclusion: Noted increased rural fatalities in States that allowed increased speed limits.

CAVEAT: Single-year post study vs historical control

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

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