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Bladder Injury

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Diagnosis of blunt bladder injury: A prospective comparative study of computed tomography cystography and conventional retrograde cystography.
Quagliano PV, Delair SM, Malhotra AK.
J Trauma. 2006 Aug;61(2):410-21; discussion 421-2.

Rationale for inclusion: This prospective study confirmed that CT cystography is equivalent to conventional cystography for the diagnosis of blunt bladder injury.

Citations - 88 (as of July 2017)

Pelvic fractures: epidemiology and predictors of associated abdominal injuries and outcomes.
Demetriades D, Karaiskakis M, Toutouzas K, Alo K, Velmahos G, Chan L.
J Am Coll Surg. 2002 Jul;195(1):1-10.

Rationale for inclusion: This large registry study identified that bladder and urethral injuries were the most common abdominal injury associated with severe pelvic fractures and should be anticipated.  

Citations - 289 (as of July 2017)

Management of the ruptured bladder: seven years of experience with 111 cases.
Corriere JN Jr, Sandler CM.
J Trauma. 1986 Sep;26(9):830-3.

Rationale for inclusion: This series of 111 patients with bladder injury recommends closure of intraperitoneal bladder injuries with drainage either via urethral or suprapubic catheters, with successful management of extraperitoneal bladder injuries requiring catheter drainage only.

Citations - 157 (as of July 2017)

Major bladder trauma: mechanisms of injury and a unified method of diagnosis and repair.
Carroll PR, McAninch JW.
J Urol. 1984 Aug;132(2):254-7.

Rationale for inclusion: A descriptive case series of 51 patients with bladder trauma from the 1970s is presented in this paper, recommending rapid resuscitation and prompt diagnosis by cystography.    

Citations - 207 (as of July 2017)

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