Extremity Vascular Injuries
- Tourniquet use for peripheral vascular injuries in the civilian setting.
- Passos E, Dingley B, Smith A, Engels PT, Ball CG, Faidi S, Nathens A, Tien H; Canadian Trauma Trials Collaborative.
- Injury. 2014 Mar;45(3):573-7
Rationale for inclusion: Rare application of tourniquets in the prehospital setting in this Canadian study, however, there was death of patients from exsanguination who did not have application of a tourniquet.
Citations - 49 (as of July 2017)
- A decade's experience with temporary intravascular shunts at a civilian level I trauma center.
- Subramanian A, Vercruysse G, Dente C, Wyrzykowski A, King E, Feliciano DV.
- J Trauma. 2008 Aug;65(2):316-24; discussion 324-6.
Rationale for inclusion: Ten year review of temporary shunts in 786 patients.
CAVEAT: Includes torso as well.
Citations - 90 (as of July 2017)
- Knee dislocations with vascular injury: outcomes in the Lower Extremity Assessment Project (LEAP) Study.
- Patterson BM, Agel J, Swiontkowski MF, Mackenzie EJ, Bosse MJ; LEAP Study Group.
- J Trauma. 2007 Oct;63(4):855-8.
Rationale for inclusion: Long-term outcomes of patients with a knee dislocation and popliteal artery injury
Citations - 62 (as of July 2017)
- Blunt vascular trauma in the extremity: diagnosis, management, and outcome.
- Rozycki GS, Tremblay LN, Feliciano DV, McClelland WB.
- J Trauma. 2003 Nov;55(5):814-24.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes risk factors for poor outcome in blunt extremity injury with vascular trauma.
Citations - 153 (as of July 2017)
- Focal arterial injuries of the proximal extremities: helical CT arteriography as the initial method of diagnosis.
- Soto JA, Múnera F, Morales C, Lopera JE, Holguín D, Guarín O, Castrillón G, Sanabria A, García G.
- Radiology. 2001 Jan;218(1):188-94.
Rationale for inclusion: CT provides high sensitivity and specificity to diagnose proximal extremity arterial injuries.
Citations - 202 (as of July 2017)
- The success of duplex ultrasonographic scanning in diagnosis of extremity vascular proximity trauma.
- Fry WR, Smith RS, Sayers DV, Henderson VJ, Morabito DJ, Tsoi EK, Harness JK, Organ CH Jr.
- Arch Surg. 1993 Dec;128(12):1368-72.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the use of duplex ultrasound scanning for diagnosis of extremity vascular injuries.
Citations - 117 (as of July 2017)
- Can Doppler pressure measurement replace "exclusion" arteriography in the diagnosis of occult extremity arterial trauma?
- Lynch K, Johansen K.
- Ann Surg. 1991 Dec;214(6):737-41.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the use of arterial pressure index for screening for arterial injury in extremities.
Citations - 171 (as of July 2017)
- Non-invasive vascular tests reliably exclude occult arterial trauma in injured extremities.
- Johansen K, Lynch K, Paun M, Copass M.
- J Trauma. 1991 Apr;31(4):515-9; discussion 519-22.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the use of doppler and arterial pressure index, with a threshold of 0.9, as having good sensitivity and specificity for vascular injury.
Citations - 185 (as of July 2017)
- The reliability of physical examination in the evaluation of penetrating extremity trauma for vascular injury: results at one year.
- Frykberg ER, Dennis JW, Bishop K, Laneve L, Alexander RH.
- J Trauma. 1991 Apr;31(4):502-11.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the utility of physical exam for diagnosing vascular injury in penetrating extremity trauma.
Citations - 157 (as of July 2017)
- Suspected vascular trauma of the extremities: the role of arteriography in proximity injuries.
- Gomez GA, Kreis DJ Jr, Ratner L, Hernandez A, Russell E, Dove DB, Civetta JM.
- J Trauma. 1986 Nov;26(11):1005-8.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the use of arteriography for proximal extremity injury.
Citations - 76 (as of July 2017)
- Polytetrafluoroethylene grafts in the rapid reconstruction of acute contaminated peripheral vascular injuries.
- Shah DM, Leather RP, Corson JD, Karmody AM.
- Am J Surg. 1984 Aug;148(2):229-33.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes the use of PTFE grafts for vascular reconstruction in contaminated wounds.
Citations - 99 (as of July 2017)
- Management of traumatic peripheral vein injuries. Primary repair or vein ligation.
- Hardin WD Jr, Adinolfi MF, O'Connell RC, Kerstein MD.
- Am J Surg. 1982 Aug;144(2):235-8.
Rationale for inclusion: Describes indications for vein repair or ligation for peripheral vein injuries.
Citations - 56 (as of July 2017)
- The clinical indications for arteriography in trauma to the extremity. A review of 114 cases.
- McDonald EJ Jr, Goodman PC, Winestock DP.
- Radiology. 1975 Jul;116(1):45-7.
Rationale for inclusion: Historical description of use of arteriography in 114 patients with extremity trauma, with indications for angiography and surgery.
Citations - 74 (as of July 2017)