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Motor Vehicle - Intoxicated Driving

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Assessing the Impact of Blood Alcohol Concentration on the Rate of In-Hospital Mortality Following Traumatic Motor Vehicle Crash Injury: A Matched Analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank
Ahmed N, Greenberg P
Injury. 2019 Jan;50(1):33-38.

Rationale for Inclusion: NTBD study evaluating alcohol levels in trauma. Patients who tested positive for alcohol following a traumatic injury showed no clinically significant reduction in mortality and no significant difference in total hospital length of stay.

CAVEAT: Database study

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Alcohol-Impaired Driving in the United States: Review of Data Sources and Analyses
DiMaggio C, Wheeler-Martin K, Oliver J
Getting to Zero Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities: A Comprehensive Approach to a Persistent Problem. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2018 Jan 17.

Rationale for Inclusion: Comprehensive review chapter on alcohol-impaired driving.

CAVEAT: Review of data

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Effectiveness of SBIRT for Alcohol Use Disorders in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review.
Barata IA, Shandro JR, Montgomery M, Polansky R, Sachs CJ, Duber HC, Weaver LM, Heins A, Owen HS, Josephson EB, Macias-Konstantopoulos W.
West J Emerg Med. 2017 Oct;18(6):1143-1152.

Rationale for inclusion: Systematic Review of the effectiveness of brief interventions (35 articles including RCTs) at reducing alcohol intake and preventing alcohol-related injuries. The study found a small reduction in alcohol use in low or moderate drinkers, a reduction in the negative consequences of use (such as injury), and a decline in ED repeat visits for adults and children 12 years of age and older. 

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

Trauma center brief interventions for alcohol disorders decrease subsequent driving under the influence arrests.
Schermer CR, Moyers TB, Miller WR, Bloomfield LA.
J Trauma. 2006 Jan;60(1):29-34.

Rationale for inclusion:  One of the only studies to examine the effects of brief interventions for patients who were driving under the influence of alcohol. Brief interventions were found to be effective in reducing the risk of being arrested for DUI within 3 years of discharge. 

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

The relationship of alcohol safety laws to drinking drivers in fatal crashes.
Voas RB, Tippetts AS, Fell J.
Accid Anal Prev. 2000 Jul;32(4):483-92.

Rationale for inclusion: Prepared for the Department of Transportation, this regression analysis studied alcohol safety laws over 16 years and indicates that laws regarding license revocation and blood alcohol level have contributed to a decrease in alcohol-related fatal crashes.

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

The risk of dying in alcohol-related automobile crashes among habitual drunk drivers.
Brewer RD, Morris PD, Cole TB, Watkins S, Patetta MJ, Popkin C.
N Engl J Med. 1994 Aug 25;331(8):513-7.

Rationale for inclusion: This study was a case control study of 1646 drunk drivers (those with BAC of at least 20 mg/dL) and compared them with 1474 controls. The study found that those patients who had been arrested for drunk driving were at significant increased risk of eventually dying in an alcohol-related death. 

Citations  - To review the number of citations for this landmark paper, visit Google Scholar.

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