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Seat Belts and Legislation Mandates on the Reduction of Mortality in Motor Vehicle Collisions2022

Type: New Practice Management Guideline (PMG)
Category: Injury Prevention
Committee Liaison: Amanda Teichman, MD, FACS

Team leader(s)

Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death among those aged 1-54 in the U.S [1]. In 2018, the majority of adults aged 20-44 years that died in motor vehicle collisions were not wearing seat belts [2]. Seat belt laws are currently State driven
legislation. There have been several studies that assess reduction in mortality in the adult population for seat belt usage. In addition, there are studies which compare effectiveness of seat belt legislation in the reduction of morbidity and mortality. This review will determine the reduction in mortality from seat belt usage and legislation mandates. This will have the potential to inform policy makers and spur discussion for new public health legislation. 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System). Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2015. 2. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts: 2018 Data: Occupant Protection in Passenger Vehicles. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC; 2020. Publication no. DOT-HS-812-967.

Team members:
• Elinore J. Kaufman, MD, MSHP
• Susan Kartiko, MD, PhD
• Tanya Anand, MD, MPH
• James R. Yon, MD
• Caleb J. Mentzer, DO
• Irena Zivkovic, BSc
• Ida Molavi, MD, FACS, FRCSC
• Allyson M. Hynes , MD, FAAEM
• Christopher Butts, PhD, DO, FACOS, FACS
• Anamaria Robles, MD
• Mariam Astarabadi, MD
• Patrick B Murphy, MD, MPH, MSc

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